Most Common Ailments to Prevent During Monsoon
The first shower of rain in the monsoon season brings respite after the long, hot and sweaty summers. However, as the water gets clogged in oft-ignored locations, they become a breeding ground for harmful viruses and mosquitoes, making people around ill. So, here is a look at the five most common ailments people suffer from during the monsoon. A common factor in monsoon diseases is that most of them are caused due to mosquitoes.
Dengue is probably one of the most common diseases people in India suffer from during the monsoon season. This mosquito-borne viral disease initially has symptoms of a viral fever but if you are suffering from constantly high fever, headache, joint pain, and rashes in your face and body, it is best to get blood tests done. Despite a lot of precautionary measures by the government, there are a large number of dengue cases reported throughout the country every year.
This is another viral disease caused by mosquito bites. Its symptoms include high fever, severe joint and muscle pain, rash, nausea, and fatigue. Mosquitos named as - Aedesaegypti and Aedesalbopictus are responsible for transmitting chikungunya viruses to humans.
It is a common mosquito-borne disease caused by the Anopheles mosquito that transmits Plasmodium parasite to human blood, causing malaria. The plasmodium parasite takes time to grow and causes malaria usually a few weeks after the mosquito bite. If not treated on time, malaria can be life–threatening and can affect the human brain as well. Symptoms of malaria include chills, fever and sweating.
Cold and flu
The sudden drop in temperature and increase in humidity during monsoons, accompanied by viruses are the main causes of cold and flu. One of the major reasons why cold and flu spread easily is because they can be transferred from one person to another (mostly via sneezes). Symptoms include nose block, runny nose, sneezing, congestion, and high fever. The best way to keep the spread of cold and flu in check is to maintain a distance from affected friends and family members, and by using hand sanitizers and keeping the mouth covered when sneezing, etc.
Apart from all the above ailments that are accompanied by high fever, monsoon also brings along viral fever. It refers to a wide range of infections that are usually characterized by high fever, cold, chills, body aches, fatigue, headaches, etc.
However, if a viral fever last for more than 3 days, it is best to see a doctor and get blood tests done, rather than to wait for it to get cured on its own.
Precautions to Take During Monsoons
To prevent the above disease, use mosquito nets, spray insecticides and use mosquito repellent cream when stepping out of the home, even during the daytime. Ensure that there are no stagnant pools of water in or around your home.
Plus, make sure you have a health insurance plan which can come in handy in case you have to be hospitalized for a severe illness. This can cover treatment costs and provide daily cash allowance, so that you don’t have to shell out from your savings.
Read more to know more about Winter Ailments and their precautions
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